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  Diabetes >> What Causes Diabetes

What Causes Diabetes

The precise Etiology of most cases of diabetes is uncertain, although certain contributing factors are as follows:

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes is autoimmune disease that affects 0.3% on average. It is result of destruction of beta cells due to aggressive nature of cells present in the body. Researchers believe that some of the Etiology and Risk factors which may trigger type 1 diabetes may be genetic, poor diet (malnutrition) and environment (virus affecting pancreas). Secondly, in most of the cases, diabetes occurs because there is abnormal secretion of some hormones in blood which act as antagonists to insulin. Example- Adrenocortical hormone, Adrenaline hormone and Thyroid hormone.

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes is also called non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or adult-onset diabetes. It occurs when the body produces enough insulin but cannot utilize it effectively. This type of diabetes usually develops in middle age. A general observation says that about 90-95 % of people suffering with diabetes are type 2; about 80 percent are overweight. It is more common among people who are older; obese; have a family history of diabetes; have had gestational diabetes. There are number of risk factors found to be responsible for type 2 diabetes like, the more the Etiology and Risk factors carried by an individual, the higher the risk for developing diabetes.

Following are the Causes of Diabetes

  • Hereditary or Inherited Traits : It is strongly believed that due to some genes which passes from one generation to another, a person can inherit diabetes. It depends upon closeness of blood relationship as mother is diabetic, the risk is 2 to 3%, father is diabetic, the risk is more than the previous case and if both the parents are diabetic, the child has much greater risk for diabetes.
  • Age : Increased age is a factor which gives more possibility than in younger age. This disease may occur at any age, but 80% of cases occur after 50 year, incidences increase with the age factor.
  • Poor Diet (Malnutrition Related Diabetes) : Improper nutrition, low protein and fiber intake, high intake of refined products are the expected reasons for developing diabetes.
  • Obesity and Fat Distribution : Being overweight means increased insulin resistance, that is if body fat is more than 30%, BMI 25+, waist grith 35 inches in women or 40 inches in males.
  • Sedentary Lifestyle : People with sedentary lifestyle are more prone to diabetes, when compared to those who exercise thrice a week, are at low risk of falling prey to diabetes.
  • Stress : Either physical injury or emotional disturbance is frequently blamed as the initial cause of the disease. Any disturbance in Cortiosteroid or ACTH therapy may lead to clinical signs of the disease.
  • Drug Induced: Clozapine (Clozaril), olanzapine (Zyprexa), risperidone (Risperdal), quetiapine (Seroquel) and ziprasidone (Geodon) are known to induce this lethal disease.
  • Infection : Some of the strephylococci is suppose to be responsible factor for infection in pancreas.
  • Sex : Diabetes is commonly seen in elderly especially males but, strongly in women and those females with multiple pregnancy or suffering from (PCOS) Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome.
  • Hypertension : It had been reported in many studies that there is direct relation between high systolic pressure and diabetes.
  • Serum lipids and lipoproteins : High triglyceride and cholesterol level in the blood is related to high blood sugars, in some cases it has been studied that risk is involved even with low HDL levels in circulating blood.

by Amit Date Added: Fri 17 October, 2008
Ya you are write. This information is useful for those person, who are suffering from diabetes.

by Rosie Sharma Date Added: Fri 19 September, 2008
Dear Paul,

Being a married and also having kids, I can relate to you. Please do encourage them to give up colas and play more outdoor fun games that should amount to some exercise. Initiating may be a problem with them but eventually they will start liking games. People love games. Games provide much joy.

I will be glad to know the progress.

[email protected]

by Paul Date Added: Wed 27 August, 2008
My wife is very much overweight and not to active. My son, 16, drinks a 2-3 cans of soda a day along with orange juice, chocolate milk, and refuses to eat a balanced diet of protein, fiber, etc.

I am worried about them getting diabetes. Is sugar in soda and foods a cause of diabetes if you get to much of it?

My wife wants to get back in shape but just isn't making all that much effort to put the time into it. I am worried for her.

by debolina das Date Added: Wed 02 July, 2008
The risk factors of such common diseases should be made more public by appropriate measures eg programmes in schools and colleges.

by EDGAR A. CAZARES Date Added: Thu 29 May, 2008
WOW you all listed your facts so good i like that AA+ ... anyways while i like all the things you say about caring for this disease, i just wish the worlds goverments would spend atleast 10% of what they spend on milatary spending on the 2 diseases i consider the worst cause they get trigered by any factors 1. CANCER and 2. DIABETIS

by teshia Date Added: Mon 26 May, 2008
Thank you very much for making this website, its being helpful. Thank you very much again.


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