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  Diabetes >> Symptoms of Diabetes

Symptoms of Diabetes

In both types of diabetes, signs and symptoms are more likely to be similar as the blood sugar is high, either due to less or no production of insulin, or insulin resistance. In any case, if there is inadequate glucose in the cells, it is identifiable through certain signs and symptoms. These symptoms are quickly relieved once the Diabetes is treated and also reduce the chances of developing serious health problems.

Diabetes Type 1:

In type 1, the pancreas stop producing insulin due to autuimmune response or possibly viral attack on pancreas. In absence of insulin, body cells don’t get the required glucose for producing ATP (Adenosin Triphosphate) units which results into primary symptom in the form of nausea and vomiting. In later stage, which leads to ketoacidosis, the body starts breaking down the muscle tissue and fat for producing energy hence, causing fast weight loss. Dehydration is also usually observed due to electrolyte disturbance. In advanced stages, coma and death is witnessed.

Diabetes Type 2:

  • Increased fatigue : Due to inefficiency of the cell to metabolize glucose, reserve fat of body is metabolized to gain energy. When fat is broken down in the body, it uses more energy as compared to glucose, hence body goes in negative calorie effect, which results in fatigue.
  • Polydipsia : As the concentration of glucose increases in the blood, brain receives signal for diluting it and, in its counteraction we feel thirsty.
  • Polyuria: Increase in urine production is due to excess glucose present in body. Body gets rid of the extra sugar in the blood by excreting it through urine. This leads to dehydration because along with the sugar, a large amount of water is excreted out of the body.
  • Polyphegia : The hormone insulin is also responsible for stimulating hunger. In order to cope up with high sugar levels in blood, body produces insulin which leads to increased hunger.
  • Weight flactuation : Factors like loss of water (polyuria), glucosuria , metabolism of body fat and protein may lead to weight loss. Few cases may show weight gain due to increased appetite.
  • Blurry vision : Hyperosmolar hyperglycemia nonketotic syndrome is the condition when body fluid is pulled out of tissues including lenses of the eye, which affects its ability to focus, resulting blurry vision.
  • Irritability : It is a sign of high blood sugar because of the inefficient glucose supply to the brain and other body organs, which makes us feel tired and uneasy.
  • Infections : The body gives few signals whenever there is fluctuation in blood sugar (due to suppression of immune system) by frequent skin infections like fungal or bacterial or UTI (urinary tract infection).
  • Poor wound healing : High blood sugar resists the flourishing of WBC, (white blood cell) which are responsible for body immune system. When these cells do not function accordingly, wound healing is not at good pace. Secondly, long standing diabetes leads to thickening of blood vessels which affect proper circulation of blood in different body parts.

by vaidhy Date Added: Thu 04 September, 2008
Hi, Last 24 hrs had fever. Severe cold. Today afternoon while coming in the train, got fainted twice. When I got fainted second time some one given me chocolate and little water. Which helped me faster recovery. When I got fainted had abnormal sweating? Please give me your views or reasons ...for all this.

by RISWANA Date Added: Sun 24 August, 2008
Hi, I am a plus two student. I decided to make a project report on the topic \"DIABETES\" as my zoology internal works. For that i wish to take a case study among diabetes patients so I wish to prepare a good questionnaire. I have no idea about it. please help me.........
please mail models of questionnaire to my email id.
email id : [email protected]
[email protected]

i hope you will help me.

by savitha vemuganti Date Added: Thu 14 August, 2008
Hello i am a married women of age 30+. I am getting frequent itching in hands during night. The severity is high and i am sure
nothing is plucking like mosquito etc but still i am getting severe itching problem. When i rub the itching place very hardly still the itch persist, i have a doubt whether it is diabetes symptom. please help me.

by samerr Date Added: Mon 04 August, 2008
Hi my name is samerr and 26 yrs of age, i used to drink 4 glass of water in the morning. At the regular interval 0f 30 minutes i get urinate. Is this a symptom of diabetes. How can i know that i am affected by diabetes. Going for regular urination is the symptom for diabetes. please help me out.

by Rahul Jain Date Added: Thu 31 July, 2008
Just Read your Problem. (Similar to my grandfather) I think Doctor will get down the blood sugar level by some Hypoglycemic drugs and insulin before surgery. You can visit endocrinologist he is the best one to take care of your dad.
All you people can do is that keep him away of all refined products, sugar and its products and fatty items. These will really help you to maintain his blood sugar level at the time of surgery and immediate recovery, or else post surgery complication may rise.

Hope This Help

by Praveen Kulkarni Date Added: Tue 29 July, 2008

We came to know that my father has got high blood sugar. Its 395

We were planning for CATARACT eye operation. Doctor told us, cataract has to be done immediately within 15days for the right eye.
But without bringing sugar level down, how cataract can be done. So please advise me.
His age: 59
Pl reply immediately.


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