Diabetes and Eye
Diabetic retinopathy is a term used for all the abnormalities of the small blood vessels of the retina caused by diabetes, such as weakening of blood vessel walls or leakage from blood vessels.
Steps to avoid eye problems
- Most important, keep your blood sugar levels under tight control.
- Bring high blood pressure under control. High blood pressure can worsen the eye problems.
- Quit smoking.
- See your eye care professional at least once a year for a dilated eye exam.
- See your eye care professional if:
- Your vision becomes blurry
- You have trouble reading signs or books
- You see double
- One or both the eyes hurt
- Eyes get red and stay that way
- You see spots or floaters
- Straight lines do not look straight
- You can’t see things at the side as you used to
When to see an eye care professional?
- If you are between 10 and 29 years, and suffering with diabetes for 5 years, you should have an annual dilated eye exam.
- If you are 30 or above, you should have an annual dilated eye exam, no matter how short a time you are diagnosed with diabetes. More frequent exams may be needed if you have diabetes and eye diseases.
- If you have any changes in your vision
- You should have a dilated eye exam if you are pregnant or planning to get pregnant.