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Diabetes >> Diabetes Dictionary
Listed below are general diabetes-related terminologies and their meanings. Click on the alphabet to view the list of terms starting with that letter.
  • Saccharin: a sweetener used by diabetic patients which has neither any calorific value nor nutritive value.

  • Secondary Diabetes: a kind of diabetes that affects a person because or certain other chemicals, disease, or drugs.

  • Segmental Transplantation:  a procedure in which a portion of the pancreas that produces insulin in transplanted into a person whose pancreas has stopped functioning. This is usually done for diabetes patients.  

  • Self-Management: in case of diabetes it refers to the process of managing and keeping the disease under check. The program is planned by the patient itself keeping in consultation with doctors and other health care specialists. 

  • 70/30 Insulin: insulin which is a mixture of two types of insulin, 70% being that of intermediate acting insulin and 30% of short acting insulin. 

  • Sharps Container: a container that is used to put used syringes and needles that are to be disposed off. It is made of very high grade plastic so that the needle is unable to penetrate through it.

  • Short-Acting Insulin: a kind of insulin that brings down the blood glucose level in 30 minutes after administering the injection is at it peak between 2 and 5 hours after the injection. 

  • Side Effects: the reactions of a drug which are unintended.

  • Sliding Scale: an adjustment made in the insulin intake after considering the meals, activity level and the blood glucose test result.

  • Somatic Neuropathy: please refer to Peripheral Neuropathy.

  • Somogyi Effect: when the level of blood glucose increases after a spell of hypoglycemia. This may happen when hypoglycemia is left untreated at night and when stress hormones are released.  

  • Sorbitol: a sugar alcohol sweetener that has a calorific value of 4 for every gram. This substance is made by the body in case of diabetics in which case the nerves and the eyes can get damaged.

  • Split Mixed Dose: a daily dose of insulin being divided into two or even more injections and administered during the day.

  • Starch: is one of the most vital ingredients of nutrients in the food. It is another term that is used for carbohydrates.

  • Starlix: please refer to Nateglinide.

  • Stroke: a condition wherein the person may lose his ability to move the limbs or even speak following injury to the blood vessels present in the brain.

  • Subcutaneos Injection: is administering medication in fluid form by injecting it into the tissue that is seen just below the skin with the help of a syringe and a needle.  

  • Sucralose: a sweetener that is made out of sugar but does not have any nutritive or calorific value.

  • Sucrose: a substance found naturally in sugar cane and even in beets. It is also called white sugar or table sugar. It is made of two components, fructose and sugar.

  • Sugar: a sweet substance that falls in the category of carbohydrates. It has sucrose, fructose and glucose as its components. It is a word that is commonly used to refer to blood glucose.

  • Sugar Alcohols: these are sweeteners that increase the blood glucose level by a small extent as compared to other carbohydrates.

  • Sugar Diabetes: is a term that was formerly used to refer to Diabetes Mellitus.

  • Sulfonylurea: oral drug used for the treatment of type2 diabetes. It enables the pancreas to increase the production of insulin and to make better utilization of the insulin produced.

  • Syndrome X: please refer to Insulin Resistance and Metabolic Syndrome.   

  • Syringe: a tool used to inject liquid medication or other fluids into a person’s body tissues.

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