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Diabetes >> Diabetes Dictionary
Listed below are general diabetes-related terminologies and their meanings. Click on the alphabet to view the list of terms starting with that letter.
  • Pancreas: an organ that is responsible for producing insulin due to which the body is able to use the glucose for energy. It also produces enzymes for the smooth digestion of food.

  • Pancreas Transplantation: a procedure to surgically transfer an entire or part thereof of the pancreas from a donor to a person suffering from diabetes.  

  • Pancreatitis: is a condition when the pancreas gets inflamed and this may lead to a condition where the pancreas become incapacitated. Excess alcohol, gallbladder disease or virus can be the cause of this condition.   

  • Pediatric Endocrinologist: a doctor who has specialized in treating children suffering from problems of the endocrine glands. Doctors treating diabetes in children would be pediatric endocrinologist.

  • Pedorthist: a health care professional who is a specialist in making custom-made shoes or even orthotics which are the special inserts required in certain shoes. A pedorthist fits shoes for patients with disabilities an also deformities.

  • Periodontal Disease: is a disease which affects the gums.

  • Peripheral Neuropathy: a kind of nerve disease that mainly affects the hands, legs and feet. The symptoms include numbness; sever pain and also at times a tingling feeling.  

  • Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD): a disease which affects the large blood vessels especially of the feet, legs and arms. The signs include aching pain and foot sores that heal slowly. It occurs due to blockage of blood vessels.  

  • Peritoneal Dialysis: please refer to Dialysis.

  • Pharmacist: a person who has knowledge about preparation of medicines. A pharmacist also distributes medicines to people and gives a certain amount of information about the same.

  • Photocoagulation: a laser treatment to cure diabetic retinopathy where a beam of light is used to burn off the blood vessels that have grown and to seal the bleeding.

  • Pioglitazone: oral drug used for the treatment of type2 diabetes. It enables the insulin to take sugar from the blood to the cells for its energy and making the cells more responsive to the insulin.   

  • Pituitary Gland: is the gland that is seen in the lower most part of the brain in a small cavity. The gland functions for using the food, growth process and also reproduction. 

  • Podiatrist: a doctor who treats patients with problems related to the foot. He helps them take good care of their feet and provides food examination and also treatment. 

  • Podiatry: is the proper care and cure for the feet.

  • Point System: a system used for meal planning where points are allotted to each food item depending upon its calorific content. 

  • Polidipsia: extreme thirst which tends to last for a long period. It can also be a sign of diabetes.  

  • Polyphagia: extreme hunger situation. It can also be a sign of diabetes. 

  • Polyuria: excessive and frequent urination. It can also be a sign of diabetes.

  • Post Prandial Blood Glucose: the blood glucose level that is measured after 1-2 hours after a meal.  

  • Prandin: please refer to repaglinide.

  • Precose: please refer to acarbose.

  • Preeclampsia: a condition seen usually in the last stages of pregnancy I diabetic women where the blood pressure increases and also swelling because of the excess fluid retention in the cells. 

  • Prediabetes: a condition wherein a person cannot be termed as diabetic but has a high blood glucose level. Such people are likely to develop type2 diabetes or can have even a stroke. 

  • Premixed Insulin: Insulin available commercially which already comes as a mixture of two varieties of insulin.

  • Preprandial Blood Glucose: the level of blood glucose before eating. 

  • Prevalence: the number of individuals in a given community or population who have been reported to suffer from a particular disease.

  • Proinsulin: the material that is at first produced in the pancreas which is later broken down to form insulin.

  • Proliferative Retinopathy: a condition wherein new blood vessels which are very delicate grow by the side of the retina and also in the vitreous humor.  

  • Prosthesis: a manmade replacement for a body part like an arm or a leg, which has been lost.   

  • Protein: one of the three vital nutrients found in food. Proteins are necessary for various functions like formation of the cells, for various hormones and many other functions.

  • Proteinuria: the occurrence of protein in the urine; which is an indication of the kidney not functioning properly.  

  • Pump: please refer to Insulin Pump.

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