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Diabetes >> Diabetes Dictionary
Listed below are general diabetes-related terminologies and their meanings. Click on the alphabet to view the list of terms starting with that letter.
  • LADA: please refer to Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults.   

  • Labile Diabetes: a condition where the persons blood glucose level moves rapidly from one extreme to the other. This condition is also known as brittle diabetes.

  • Lactic Acidosis: a condition where the lactic acids buildup in the body. With buildup of lactic acid the individual might lose his/her balance and feel ill. The symptoms are vomiting, rapid breathing and abdominal pain.

  • Lactose: a type of sugar found in milk and other milk products like butter and cheese. Lactose is said to be nutritive because it has a calorific value.

  • Lancet: a small device with springs which is used for the purpose of pricking the skin to get a drop of blood which is to be used during blood glucose monitoring.     

  • Laser Surgery Treatment: a treatment method where a beam of light (laser) is used in the damaged area for healing purposes. In case of diabetics, it is used to repair the blood vessels in the eye.

  • Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults: a condition wherein type1 diabetes starts developing in an adult.

  • LDL Cholesterol: is an abbreviation of Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol. It is a fat that makes use of cholesterol for repairing cells and also fixes itself to the inside walls of the artery.   

  • Lente Insulin: a kind of insulin that drops the blood glucose level within 1-2 hours of administering the dose and works the strongest between 8-12 hours of the injection and continues to work for 24 hrs after injection.

  • Limited Joint Mobility: a condition where the joints of the body tend to swell making movement very difficult. The hands become thick and hard and the skin becomes tight. People with IDDM are the ones most affected.

  • Lipid: is a term that is used to describe fat. Fat is stored in the body for future use. When required the body can break down the lipids and use for its energy requirements.

  • Lipid Profile: a test conducted to ascertain the levels of total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol and also triglycerides. The LDL cholesterol is calculated from these figures. It helps to determine the person’s cardiovascular risk.

  • Lipoatrophy: is a condition where small dents are seen on the skin due to fat loss just below the skin. This usually happens when insulin injections are repeatedly taken on the same spot. 

  • Lipodystrophy: a condition where small dents or lumps are seen due to flaw in the building up or breaking down of fat. This usually happens when insulin injections are repeatedly taken on the same spot. 

  • Lipohypertrophy: a condition when fat builds up just below the surface of the skin. This condition causes lumps to develop and it usually happens when insulin injections are repeatedly taken on the same spot.

  • Lispro Insulin: insulin which works quickly. It lowers the blood glucose level within 5 minutes and is at its best in between 30-60 minutes of the injection and continues working for 3 hours after the injection.  

  • Liver: organ that converts the food to energy and eliminates alcohol and other poisonous substances from the blood. The liver also makes bile which is used to break the fat and gets rid of wastes.   

  • Long Acting Insulin: a kind of insulin that is responsible for bringing down blood glucose level in 4-6 hours after administering the dose and works best within 10-18 hours after the injection.       

  • Low Blood Sugar: please refer Hypoglycemia.

  • Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol:  please refer LDL cholesterol.

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