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Diabetes >> Diabetes Dictionary
Listed below are general diabetes-related terminologies and their meanings. Click on the alphabet to view the list of terms starting with that letter.
  • HDL Cholesterol: is a fat that is seen in the blood. It extracts the excess cholesterol from the blood and passes it to the liver to be removed. It is also known as “good cholesterol”.

  • Hemocromatosis: please refer Bronze Diabetes.

  • Hemodialysis: please refer Dialysis.

  • Hemoglobin A1C Test: please refer A1C. 

  • Heredity: is the passing over of certain traits from the parent to the child. This happens due to the genes. 

  • HHNS: please refer Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome.

  • High Blood Glucose: please refer Hyperglycemia.

  • High Blood Pressure: please refer Hypertension.

  • High-Density Lipoprotein Syndrome: please refer HDL Cholesterol.

  • Hives (Urticaria): a skin condition where a patch turns red, pale or even elevates a little as compared to the rest of the skin. The patient also tends to feel an itching sensation.

  • HLA: please refer Human Leukocyte Antigens.

  • Home Glucose Monitor: please refer Blood Glucose Meter

  • Honeymoon Phase: the blood glucose level decreases in certain cases where the patient has recently been diagnosed to have type1 diabetes. This happens when the insulin production increases for a short span and then stops again.  

  • Hormone: a chemical that is produced in the body to activate certain other functions. For e.g. Insulin, is responsible for letting the cells understand when the glucose is to be used for energy.

  • Human Leukocyte Antigens: protein found in the cell which enables the immune system to recognize a cell as part of the body or foreign. Sometimes the protein configuration may increase the risk of type1 diabetes.

  • Hyperglycemia: a condition of blood glucose level above normal. Fasting hyperglycemia is when the blood glucose level is high during fasting and postprandial hyperglycemia is high blood glucose after the person has eaten.

  • Hyperinsulinemia: a condition wherein the body has more than the normal level of insulin. This happens because the body produces more than required amount. This condition may also lead to non-insulin related diabetes. 

  • Hyperlipidemia: a condition wherein the body has more than the normal level of cholesterol and fat.

  • Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome: a condition where the blood glucose level increase to a very large extent and there is absence of ketones in the urine. If neglected it could lead to coma or even death.

  • Hypertension: a condition where the pressure of the blood flow is far higher than normal. It can lead to problems of the heart or kidney and can even cause death. Is also known as high blood pressure.   

  • Hypoglycemia: a condition where a person’s blood glucose level is below the normal level. Some of the symptoms include dizziness, hunger, sleepiness or even perspiration. Carbohydrate rich food or glucose tablet would be the recommended remedy.   

  • Hypoglycemia Unawareness: a condition where a person cannot identify or feel the symptoms that are related to hypoglycemia. Persons who frequently get bouts of hypoglycemia cease to get signs related to it.   

  • Hypotension: a condition where the person has a low blood pressure or it drops abruptly. It generally happens when one gets up quickly from a relaxing or sitting posture. It can cause dizziness.   

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