Galactose: a kind of natural sweetener. It ca be found in sugar beets and also milk products. It is said to be a nutritive sweetener because of its calorie content.
Gangrene: when the body tissue dies. It happens due to lack of flow of blood and also due to infection. This condition happens mostly in the legs. Amputation may be necessary in certain cases.
Gastroparesis: a condition affecting the nerves of the stomach making digestion difficult or delayed and this can lead to vomiting, nausea or a bloating of the stomach. This makes diabetes management difficult.
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: a kind of diabetes mellitus that can be seen in some women during the time of pregnancy but the blood sugar level returns to normal in most cases upon delivery.
Gingivitis: a gum disease which is indicated by inflammation of the gums and also bleeding. It has to be treated at an early stage or it could end up being a periodontal disease.
Gland: is a set of cells that produce substances that ensures the smooth functioning of the body. An example would be that of endocrine glands that releases hormones for the rest of the body.
Glargine Insulin: insulin which has long lasting effects. On administering the insulin the body begins to lower the blood glucose level within the first hour and continues to work for 24 hrs.
Glaucoma: a condition of the eye where the pressure inside the eye increases. If left untreated the glaucoma can damage the optic nerve and can lead to partial loss of vision or even blindness.
Glimepiride: an oral drug that is used for the treatment of type2 diabetes. The blood sugar is lowered by enabling the pancreas to produce more insulin and helping the body make use of this insulin.
Glipizide: an oral drug that is used for the treatment of type2 diabetes. The blood sugar is lowered by enabling the pancreas to produce more insulin and helping the body make use of this insulin.
Glomerular Filtration Rate: it is a method used in measuring the ability of the kidney in filtering and getting rid of the waste that remains.
Glomeruli: plural of glomerulus.
Glomerulus: refers to a small group of blood vessels in loops in the kidney in which it filters the blood and gets rid of the waste products.
Glucagon: a hormone that helps in increasing the blood glucose level. It is produced by the alpha cells which can be found in the pancreas. Glucagon is also available in the form of injections.
Glucophage, Glucophage XR: please refer to metformin.
Glucose: is the simplest variety of sugar found in the human body. Glucose is said to be the most vital energy source. It is also at times known as dextrose.
Glucose Tablets: these are chewable tablets that are made out of the purest form of glucose and it can be effectively used in case of hypoglycemia.
Glucose Tolerance Test: a test conducted to check if the person suffers from diabetes. The aim is to understand the body’s response to the glucose that has been consumed over a time period.
Glucotrol, Glucotrol XL: please refer Glipizide
Glucovance: is an oral drug that is administered to patients suffering from type2 diabetes. It is a mixture of the drugs, metformin and glyburide.
Glyburide: an oral drug that is used for the treatment of type2 diabetes. The blood sugar is lowered by enabling the pancreas to produce more insulin and helping the body make use of this insulin
Glycemic Index: a grade put for foods depending upon its carbohydrate content. This chart is prepared after considering the effect of each food item on the blood glucose in comparison to standard reference food.
Glycogen: is the type of glucose that is essentially found in the muscles and the liver. It is the most vital source of stored energy.
Glycosuria: is a condition where there sugar can be found in the urine.
Glycosylated Hemoglobin: please refer A1C.
Glynase PresTab: please refer Glyburide.
Glyset: please refer miglitol.
Gram: is a unit of measure of weight. 1 ounce=28 grams. While preparing diets for diabetic patients each serving of food is at times measured in grams.