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Symptoms of Diabetes
What Causes Diabetes
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  Diabetes >> What Causes Diabetes

What Causes Diabetes

The precise Etiology of most cases of diabetes is uncertain, although certain contributing factors are as follows:

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes is autoimmune disease that affects 0.3% on average. It is result of destruction of beta cells due to aggressive nature of cells present in the body. Researchers believe that some of the Etiology and Risk factors which may trigger type 1 diabetes may be genetic, poor diet (malnutrition) and environment (virus affecting pancreas). Secondly, in most of the cases, diabetes occurs because there is abnormal secretion of some hormones in blood which act as antagonists to insulin. Example- Adrenocortical hormone, Adrenaline hormone and Thyroid hormone.

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes is also called non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or adult-onset diabetes. It occurs when the body produces enough insulin but cannot utilize it effectively. This type of diabetes usually develops in middle age. A general observation says that about 90-95 % of people suffering with diabetes are type 2; about 80 percent are overweight. It is more common among people who are older; obese; have a family history of diabetes; have had gestational diabetes. There are number of risk factors found to be responsible for type 2 diabetes like, the more the Etiology and Risk factors carried by an individual, the higher the risk for developing diabetes.

Following are the Causes of Diabetes

  • Hereditary or Inherited Traits : It is strongly believed that due to some genes which passes from one generation to another, a person can inherit diabetes. It depends upon closeness of blood relationship as mother is diabetic, the risk is 2 to 3%, father is diabetic, the risk is more than the previous case and if both the parents are diabetic, the child has much greater risk for diabetes.
  • Age : Increased age is a factor which gives more possibility than in younger age. This disease may occur at any age, but 80% of cases occur after 50 year, incidences increase with the age factor.
  • Poor Diet (Malnutrition Related Diabetes) : Improper nutrition, low protein and fiber intake, high intake of refined products are the expected reasons for developing diabetes.
  • Obesity and Fat Distribution : Being overweight means increased insulin resistance, that is if body fat is more than 30%, BMI 25+, waist grith 35 inches in women or 40 inches in males.
  • Sedentary Lifestyle : People with sedentary lifestyle are more prone to diabetes, when compared to those who exercise thrice a week, are at low risk of falling prey to diabetes.
  • Stress : Either physical injury or emotional disturbance is frequently blamed as the initial cause of the disease. Any disturbance in Cortiosteroid or ACTH therapy may lead to clinical signs of the disease.
  • Drug Induced: Clozapine (Clozaril), olanzapine (Zyprexa), risperidone (Risperdal), quetiapine (Seroquel) and ziprasidone (Geodon) are known to induce this lethal disease.
  • Infection : Some of the strephylococci is suppose to be responsible factor for infection in pancreas.
  • Sex : Diabetes is commonly seen in elderly especially males but, strongly in women and those females with multiple pregnancy or suffering from (PCOS) Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome.
  • Hypertension : It had been reported in many studies that there is direct relation between high systolic pressure and diabetes.
  • Serum lipids and lipoproteins : High triglyceride and cholesterol level in the blood is related to high blood sugars, in some cases it has been studied that risk is involved even with low HDL levels in circulating blood.

by kashish Date Added: Mon 22 August, 2011
Tell me what is the realation between diabetes and calories

by Hira Sagar Date Added: Mon 07 March, 2011
This is the very useful and important information about the diabetes and we must follow this information and archive the good health but the problem is that how we take the good amount of nutrition from our diet because every body knows about the today environment that nothing is pure and nutritious we eat food but there is no good nutrition and apart from that we also taking the harmful chemical which is used by the farmers so i want to share through this column that i have a solution of it that how we can achieve the optimal health and live well almost no evidence of cancer, heart attack, sugar, arthritis, B.P etc that shorten human life.

by Beulah Date Added: Fri 04 March, 2011
Hi, my husband just found out he has diabetes, He is taken meds for it right now. When he first checked it , it was 16.7 and now it's going down.He is over weight, and I'm wondering is that the main factor? His mom and dad also had it, would that be a factor? I'm very concern, I enjoyed reading up on this. Thanks Beulah

by Jesse Date Added: Wed 10 November, 2010
Thanks for the very informative article. I do not have diabetes, but I am trying to avoid it!

I hope all of you do well with your reports. I also hope you write them considerably better than you write comments here!

by Vishal Date Added: Sun 07 November, 2010
My mother is suffering from Diabetes since long but is stable after recent change in medication from a new doctor. The reason for changing the doctor was that the sugar was increasing despite taking the old medicines. Now, the good part is that sugar is controlled but the problem is weight gain after changing the medication and we and doctor are getting no clue on the reason for the same. We can not stop the medicine also. Please suggest and advice on the same.

by ulhas Date Added: Fri 29 October, 2010
I am suffering from diabities since 2007, I am taking medicine on daily basis as advised by my docor. I regularly goes ona morning walk for 1hour and 25 minites. I also having a control on my diet, I use to avoid sugar food, oily food etc. But on some occassions it is very difficult to avoid and I consume. But as on date I could not come to know that, what type of diabities I am facing? Whether it is type1 or2. How can I come to know about this? I also maintain arecord of sugar test, regular conducted by me after a gap of 3 months. Where it is clearly evident that, sugar level is within accepted limits shown in diagnostic perameters or some time it is high by 20 to 40 points. But by and large it is always within the range priscribed in report.


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