Diagnosis of Ketoacidosis
Doctors generally diagnose DKA with the following tests:
- Hyperglycemia: Abnormally high level of glucose in the blood. People with diabetic ketoacidosis have hyperglycemia because there is no enough insulin available for allowing the entry of glucose into the cells.
- Electrolyte test: Potassium, sodium, blood urea, serum, Ketone levels and kidney function markers along with an arterial blood gas sample are the electrolyte tests for ketoacidosis. It even provides determination of the blood acid concentration.
- Other tests: It may be used to check the underlying conditions that may have triggered the DKA, based on the history and physical examination findings. These may include chest x-ray, urine analysis and possible scan of brain.
Following table shows the list of tests generally been asked by the doctor to check the effect of diabetic ketoacidosis: