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  Diabetes >> Diabetes and Insulin >> Diabetes and Insulin Analogs


Diabetes and Insulin Analogs


A short time ago insulin products called "insulin analogs" have been formed so that the structure differs slightly from human insulin, (with respect of amino acids) to change onset and peak of action. People with Type 1 diabetes usually need a combination of different types of insulin in order to control blood sugar with ease. The following table lists some of the more common insulin preparations available today. Onset, peak, and duration of action are approximate for each insulin product, as there may be variability depending on each individual, the injection site and the individual exercise program

Types of Insulin Examples Onset of Action Peak of Action Duration of Action
Rapid-acting Humalog (lispro)
Eli Lilly
15 minutes 30-90 minutes 3-5 hours
NovoLog (aspart)
Novo Nordisk
15 minutes 40-50 minutes 3-5 hours
Short-acting (Regular) Humulin        R
Eli Lilly
Novolin        R
Novo Nordisk
30-60 minutes
50-120 minutes 5-8 hours
Intermediate-acting (NPH) Humulin        N
Eli Lilly
Novolin        N
Novo Nordisk
1-3 hours 8 hours 20 hours
Humulin        L
Eli Lilly
Novolin        L
Novo Nordisk
1-2.5 hours 7-15 hours 18-24 hours
Mixed acting Humulin  50/50
Humulin  70/30
Humalog   Mix 75/25
Humalog   Mix 50/50
Eli Lilly
Novolin  70/30
Novolog   Mix 70/30
Novo Nordisk
The onset, peak, and duration of action of these mixtures would reflect a composite of the intermediate and short- or rapid-acting components, with one peak of action.
Long-acting Ultralente
Eli Lilly
4-8 hours 8-12 hours 36 hours
Lantus (glargine)
Aventis
1 hour None 24 hours

Diabetes and Insulin
Structure of Insulin
Insulin Synthesis
Types of Insulin
Insulin Regimens
Diabetes Insulin Classification
Diabetes and Insulin Analogs
Insulin Injection Devices
Diabetes Treatment and Insulin Problems
Insulin Syringes
Insulin Pump
Inhaled Insulin
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