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Diabetes and Insulin Analogs
Insulin Injection Devices
Diabetes Treatment and Insulin Problems
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  Diabetes >> All About Insulin
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All About Insulin



The failure to make insulin or insufficiency of insulin is termed as Diabetes mellitus. Insulin is a natural hormone which controls the level of the sugar glucose in the blood. Insulin allows cells to use glucose for energy. Cells cannot utilize glucose without insulin. Excess glucose builds up in the bloodstream, increasing the risk of diabetes. Glucose is the body's primary source of fuel. Insulin enables the body cells to take glucose from the bloodstream. The cells might use glucose for production of energy if required, or it is sent to the liver to preserve it, in the form of glycogen.

Functions of Insulin

In addition to its role of regulating glucose metabolism, insulin also

  • Stimulates lipogenesis
  • Diminishes lipolysis
  • Increases amino acid transport into cells
  • Modulates transcription
  • Altering the cell content of numerous mRNAs
  • Stimulates growth
  • DNA synthesis
  • Cell replication

See Other Articles Related to - Diabetes and Insulin

Structure of Insulin Insulin Synthesis
Insulin resistance Types of Insulin
Insulin Regimens Diabetes Insulin Classification
Diabetes and Insulin Analogs Insulin Injection Devices
Diabetes Treatment and Insulin Problems Insulin Syringes
Insulin Pump Inhaled Insulin
Diabetes and Blood Sugar Levels

by ramaraj Date Added: Sat 04 December, 2010
Dear Sirs,
Sub: Microalbuminuria.
I am now 63 years old. I am a diabetes patient for the past 20 years. I am taking the following medicines on daily basis:
Name of Medicine Morning Evening
Human Mixtard Insulin 30 30 pts. 25 pts.
T. Zilos 25 mg (For BP) 1 (After meals)
T. Rivotrillo 0.5 mg (For heal pain) 1 1 (After meals)
T. Glimulin-20 2 mg 1 1 (Before meals)
T. Recarb-25 25 mg 1 1 (While eating)
Yesterday I had undergone urinary Microalbuminuria test in a leading bio. Lab. I had given my urine at early morning 7.00 a.m. The report of the lab test is mentioned as below:
Test Name Results Units Normal ranges
Microalbumin _200 mg/L 12hrs night collection 1.12 to 7.08
24hrs collection 2.6 to 16.6
(Nephelometry Method)
I had approached my doctor along with the above lab test report. My doctor told me that this is beginning/early stage and it can be cured and need not to worry about it. He didnít give any medicine/prescription. He says that the tablet Zilos 25 mg,(For BP) which is already being taken by me ie., one tablet per day is sufficient to reduce the albumin. He advised me to reduce dhal in diet. I had tested my urine at my doctorís lab for about one year back and the test report result was 46 mg as against the normal value of 30 mg. Simultaneously, I had tested my urine at out side other lab, in which the report showed as 36 mg as against 30 mg. As far as my blood glucose level is concerned, it is almost with in the limit. My recent HbA1c test report result is 5.6%. I have no BP and no cholesterol. I think now the microalbumin has increased very abnormally and I am not able to find out the reason for the same. At this juncture, I shall be very much thankful to you, if you could advise help me your valuable suggestions/advice in respect of my above test report result in order to reduce the microalbumin in my urine. Please do the needful.
Thank you,
S. Ramaraj

My e-mail ID: ramaraj.shanmugam@gmail.com


by meenu Date Added: Thu 21 October, 2010
sir ,i m student of m.pharma sir can u tell me fully discuss about insulin.................


by tp singh Date Added: Sat 02 October, 2010
dear sir
I am suffered from typr I diabetes diagnosed by insulin. I am underweight(121 lbs/ 25 years old), now i want to gain weight. please tell me how can i improve my health.


by waleed mahmoud Date Added: Tue 20 July, 2010
My own natural insulin has become very ineffective, and I am now on Novomix 30. How can one get rid of excess natural ineffective insulin that is only causing adverse effects. Is a surgery for the removal of pancreatic Islets recommended?


by mahabir prasad dwivedi Date Added: Thu 09 July, 2009
iam diabetic since yr 2004 my blood sugar level remains 200 to280 after lunch ,how can i find out reson of high sugar , iam sure that it is not due to genetic effect, what are necessary tests toget it clear.


by Ravi Kumar Sharma Date Added: Fri 19 September, 2008
Dear D. Sen,

Let me quote Dr. Anand Kasula,

"Some people are under the impression that diabetic patients should not eat fruits. Diabetics can and should eat many fiber-rich fruits like watermelon, muskmemon, papaya, and strawerries etc. Due to their low glycaemic index, they promote a gradual increase in sugar levels that is greatly beneficial to diabetic patients. Fresh lime is also beneficial as it provides a lot of minerals and vitamins required by a diabetic.

Fruit juices are not recommended in general to diabetics as sugar or sugar syrup is added to it. Moreover, a lot of fruit is required to make a glass of juice. The fruit pulp that contains fiber is generally removed during preparation.

Only certain fruits like mango, custard apple, chikoo, banana, and grapes should be avoided as they spike sugar levels for a long time. Dates and all dry fruits also should be avoided for the same reason.

Studies show that 75 grams of fruit like blueberries, pineapple, pears, etc give 10 grams of carbohydrates. 100 grams of guavas, lemons, peaches, strawberries, blackberries, papaya etc provide 10 grams of carbohydrates. 150 grams of coconut meat, raspberries, gooseberries etc provide 10 grams of carbohydrates.

Sugar is mostly present in fruits in the form of fructose. This has an additional benefit for diabetics as it does not need insulin for its metabolism and is well tolerated.

Diabetics can therefore eat fruit like any normal healthy person. Fruits provide vitamins, minerals and fibers necessary for a healthy diet.

Manganese present in citrus fruits is an important constintuent of insulin."

sharma.rosie@gmail.com

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