To keep your blood glucose in control through out the day you need diet modifications, regular exercise, medicine (tablets/insulin injections).
Insulin injection is not needed immediately after the diagnosis of diabetes is made (unless your doctor feels this is an emergency).
If you are obese you need to reduce your weight through diet control and give up sedentary habits so that your insulin’ works better. Your treatment should be started and supervised by an expert, who should review every 3-6 months to help you keep your blood glucose in control. You should register in a diabetic clinic for regular blood pressure check ups, ECG and advice for care.
Treatment is aimed at maintaining the blood glucose in the normal range and HbA1c less than 7%, by balancing food intake with oral medication or insulin and physical activity year after year, to prevent complications of diabetes.
An emotional stress (a death in family, displeasure at work or at home) may increase and disturb the control of diabetes. You need to discuss the problem with your doctor for suitable adjustment in dosage of medication and stress control exercises.
By keeping a good control of diabetes at all times, you will be able to prevent the complications of diabetes affecting the nerves, eyes, kidneys, heart and blood vessels.