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Diabetes >> Diabetes Dictionary
Listed below are general diabetes-related terminologies and their meanings. Click on the alphabet to view the list of terms starting with that letter.
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T U V W X

 
  • National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDKD): National Institutes of Health which is an agency of the Public Health Service comprises 17 institutes of which NIDDKD is a part.

  • Nateglinide: an oral drug that is used for treating type2 diabetes. It reduces the blood glucose level and enables the pancreas to increase the production of insulin especially after a meal.

  • Necrobiosis Lipoidica Diabeticorum: a skin condition which mostly affects the lower portion of the legs. They are slightly raised, yellowish in color and appear to be waxy with a purple border.  

  • Neovascularization: is the growth of fresh, tiny blood vessels. This condition can cause partial loss of vision or even blindness if it affects the retina.

  • Nephrologist: a doctor who is specialized in treating people with kidney trouble.  

  • Nephropathy: kidney disease. Damaged kidneys are not in a position to filter the wastes and excess fluid in the body leading to severe complications. Hyperglycemia and high blood pressure can be causes for kidney damage.  

  • Nerve Conduction Studies: a test used to calculate the extent of nerve damage. This test can detect neuropathy at an early stage and treatment can start at the earliest. 

  • Neurologist: a doctor who has specialized in treating people having nerve problems.

  • Neuropathy: a disease which affects the nervous system. The three types of neuropathy that affects diabetics are autonomic neuropathy, peripheral neuropathy and mononeuropathy.  Peripheral neuropathy is the most common of all.

  • Non-insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM): is a term that was earlier used to refer to type2 diabetes.

  • Noninvasive Blood Glucose Monitoring: a method where the blood glucose level can be checked without pricking to take out a blood sample.

  • Nutritionist: a person who is well trained in nutrition. 


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