Macrosomia: refers to being abnormally large and in diabetes it refers to the large babies that possibly could be born to women with diabetes.
Macrovascular Disease: disease which affects the large blood vessels in the body. Blood clots and lipids accumulate and block the large blood vessels which can lead to coronary heart diseases, atherosclerosis, peripheral vascular diseases and strokes.
Macula: that portion of the retina which is necessary for reading and seeing fine detail.
Macular Edema: is a condition where the macula begins to swell. It is a general compliant for persons who have diabetic retinopathy.
Mastopathy, Diabetic: a fibrous growth that is seen in mostly in women and a few diabetic men and affects the breast. The growth is non-malignant and can be removed with surgery though they tend to recur.
Maturity-onset diabetes of the young: a type of type2 diabetes which is seen in 1-5% of all diabetic patients. There are mainly six types that have been identified of which each one of them occurs due to a single gene defect.
Meglitinide: a type of oral drug which lowers the blood glucose level in case of type2 diabetes which enables the pancreas to increase insulin production especially soon after a meal.
Metabolic Syndrome: the inclination of various conditions affecting at a time which includes obesity, hypertension, pre-diabetes or diabetes, insulin resistance or high lipids.
Metabolism: the term used to refer to the manner in which the chemicals change food so that it can be used to store or use food for energy and make the necessary fat, protein and sugar.
Metformin: an oral drug given to type2 diabetics to reduce the glucose that is produced by the liver and enabling the body to make better utilization of the insulin that is produced in the pancreas.
Mg/dL: is an abbreviated form for milligram per deciliter. This is used to find out the amount of glucose, represented in milligrams in every deciliter of blood during blood glucose monitoring.
Microalbumin: minute amount of the protein know as albumin which is present in the urine. This can be detected by a laboratory test.
Microalbuminuria: minute amount of the protein know as albumin which is present in the urine. This is an early warning of kidney trouble which is a common as well as a serious complication for diabetics.
Microaneurysm: a minute swelling that forms itself on the walls of the tiny blood vessels. These swellings might break and blood may leak to the tissues around it. This condition may affect the retina of diabetics.
Microangiopathy: please refer to Angiopathy.
Micronase: please refer to Glyburide.
Microvascular Disease: is a disease which affects the small blood vessels. This leads to thickening of the walls and eventually would bleed, leaking protein which affects the blood flow to the cells.
Miglitol: an oral drug for type2 diabetes. The enzymes that digest starch are blocked. This results in a slow rise of the blood glucose level at a very low rate all through the day.
Mixed Dose: a combination of two kinds of insulin, one which acts fast and another one which has a long lasting effect. This would ensure both short and long term control of blood glucose level.
mmol/L: is an abbreviated form of millimoles per liter. It represents the amount of a particular substance present in a liter of a certain fluid.
MODY: please refer to Maturity onset Diabetes of the young.
Monitor: please refer to blood glucose meter.
Monofilament: a small bit of nylon that is mounted on a bar. It is used to test the sensitivity of the nerves on the foot. To do this the filament is used to touch the foot.
Mononeuropathy: is a condition which damages a single nerve and is a kind of diabetic neuropathy. The most affected part for this kind of neuropathy is the eye.
Morbidity Rate: is the illness rate, i.e. number of persons who are affected by an illness as compared to persons of good health.
Mortality Rate: is the death rate; i.e. the number of people who die of a particular illness as compared to the number of people of good health.
Myocardial Infarction: a disruption in the supply of blood to the heart due to a block or narrowing down of the blood vessels. It is also known as a heart attack.
Myo-inositol: a material in a cell that helps in the smooth functioning of the nerve. A low level of myo-inositol may be a cause for developing diabetic neuropathy.