Ketoacidosis: please refer to Diabetic Ketoacidosis.
Ketone: a chemical when due to lack of sufficient insulin in the body and fat is used for energy. Also known as ketone bodies. Increases in ketones can result in diabetic ketoacidosis or even coma.
Ketonuria: a condition when ketones are present in the urine. It can lead to diabeteic ketoacidosis.
Ketosis: a condition where there is a build up of ketones in the body which can result in diabetic ketoacidosis. The symptoms include nausea, stomach pain and vomiting.
Kidney Disease: please refer to nephropathy.
Kidney Failure: an emergency condition wherein the kidney do not function properly and all the fluid and other wastes accumulate in the body. Such a person would require kidney transplant or dialysis.
Kidneys: the two organs shaped like a bean, which is located at the back. They filter all the impurities in the bloodand form urine which is send to the bladder.
Kussmaul Breathing: the fast, deep and labourious breathing by persons suffering from diabetic ketoacidosis. It is named after the 19th century doctor from Germany Dr Adolf Kussmaul who first observed the sign.