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Diabetes >> Diabetes Dictionary
Listed below are general diabetes-related terminologies and their meanings. Click on the alphabet to view the list of terms starting with that letter.
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T U V W X

 
  • Edema: swelling caused in certain parts of the body due to excessive fluid retention. Water and other fluid in the body get collected in the cells leading to this swelling.

  • Electromyography (EMG): a test to check the functioning of the nerves. It also is capable of checking nerve damages. The electrical activity produced by the muscles is also measured in this test.

  • Endocrine Glands: a group of cells known to release hormones. This helps in metabolism. It also enables various other bodily functions. A suitable example would be the islet of the pancreas which releases insulin. 

  • Endocrinologist: a doctor who has specialized in treating patients who suffer from endocrine gland problems. An example would be that of diabetes, a disease that is related to the endocrine glands.

  • Endogeneous: something that is made within the body is known as endogeneous. Like the insulin made by the pancreas would be endogeneous insulin whereas insulin that is injected is known as exogeneous.

  • End-stage Renal Disease: please refer Kidney Failure

  • Enzyme: is a kind of protein produced by the body that creates a chemical reaction. Enzymes help in the better functioning of the body. For example the enzyme that enables changing starch to glucose.    

  • Epidemiology: investigation of a disease to identify the number of people suffering from it, their location, number of new cases developing and the methods to control the spread of the disease.

  • Epinephrine: it is a type of secretion made by the adrenal glands. It aids the liver in releasing glucose and controls insulin release. It also has the capacity to increase the heart rate and the adrenaline.

  • Euglycemia: is the standard blood glucose level in the body.

  • Exchange Lists: classification of foods into different categories to help follow a balanced diet. The serving size is mentioned in each list. One can also substitute a particular food for another one in the same group. 

  • Exogeneous: please refer Endogeneous

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